In the wider sense, an alphabet is a script that is segmental at the phoneme level—that is, it who created chinese writing alphabet separate glyphs for individual sounds and not for larger units such as syllables or words. In the narrower sense, some scholars distinguish "true" alphabets from two other types of segmental script, abjads and abugidas.
These three differ from each other in the way they treat vowels: In alphabets in the narrow sense, on the other hand, consonants and vowels are written as independent letters. Examples of present-day abjads are the Arabic and Hebrew scripts ; true alphabets include LatinCyrillic, and Korean hangul ; and abugidas are used to write TigrinyaAmharicHindiand Thai.
The Canadian Aboriginal syllabics are also an abugida rather than a syllabary as their name would imply, since each glyph stands for a consonant that is modified by rotation to represent the following vowel.
In a true syllabary, each consonant-vowel combination would be represented by a separate glyph. All three types may be augmented with syllabic glyphs. These are the only time vowels are indicated. The boundaries between the three types of segmental scripts are not always clear-cut.
For example, Sorani Kurdish is written in the Arabic scriptwhich is normally an abjad. However, in Kurdish, writing the vowels is mandatory, and full letters are used, so the script is a true alphabet.
Other languages may use a Semitic abjad with mandatory vowel diacritics, effectively making them abugidas. On the other hand, the Phagspa script of the Mongol Empire was based closely on the Tibetan abugidabut all vowel marks were written after the preceding consonant rather than as diacritic marks.
Although short a was not written, as in the Indic abugidas, one could argue that the linear arrangement made this a true alphabet.
Conversely, the vowel marks of the Tigrinya abugida and the Amharic abugida ironically, the original source of the term "abugida" have been so completely assimilated into their consonants that the modifications are no longer systematic and have to be learned as a syllabary rather than as a segmental script.
|Chinese characters - Wikipedia||The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic. It applies a specific character to write each meaningful syllable or each nonmeaningful syllabic that is part of a polysyllabic word.|
|The Chinese Writing System - Chinese Language||Chinese Website Translation The Chinese Alphabet The Chinese writing system does not have an alphabetwhich is a set of characters that represent units of sound or phonemes. Instead, the Chinese writing system is made up of an unlimited set of characters or logographs that represent a unit of meaning or morpheme i.|
|Elephant Evolution of pictograms Chinese characters represent words of the language using several strategies. A few characters, including some of the most commonly used, were originally pictogramswhich depicted the objects denoted, or ideogramsin which meaning was expressed iconically.|
|The Chinese Writing System - Chinese Language||Grass fully cursive Regular non-cursive Regular script is considered the archetype for Chinese writing, and forms the basis for most printed forms. In addition, regular script imposes a stroke orderwhich must be followed in order for the characters to be written correctly.|
|Chinese writing | torosgazete.com||
Even more extreme, the Pahlavi abjad eventually became logographic. For tonal languagesfurther classification can be based on their treatment of tone, though names do not yet exist to distinguish the various types. Some alphabets disregard tone entirely, especially when it does not carry a heavy functional load, as in Somali and many other languages of Africa and the Americas.
Such scripts are to tone what abjads are to vowels.
Most commonly, tones are indicated with diacritics, the way vowels are treated in abugidas. This is the case for Vietnamese a true alphabet and Thai an abugida.
In Thai, tone is determined primarily by the choice of consonant, with diacritics for disambiguation.
In the Pollard scriptan abugida, vowels are indicated by diacritics, but the placement of the diacritic relative to the consonant is modified to indicate the tone. More rarely, a script may have separate letters for tones, as is the case for Hmong and Zhuang.
For most of these scripts, regardless of whether letters or diacritics are used, the most common tone is not marked, just as the most common vowel is not marked in Indic abugidas; in Zhuyin not only is one of the tones unmarked, but there is a diacritic to indicate lack of tone, like the virama of Indic.
The number of letters in an alphabet can be quite small. The Book Pahlavi script, an abjad, had only twelve letters at one point, and may have had even fewer later on.
Today the Rotokas alphabet has only twelve letters. However, Hawaiian Braille has only 13 letters. While Rotokas has a small alphabet because it has few phonemes to represent just elevenBook Pahlavi was small because many letters had been conflated—that is, the graphic distinctions had been lost over time, and diacritics were not developed to compensate for this as they were in Arabicanother script that lost many of its distinct letter shapes.
For example, a comma-shaped letter represented g, d, y, k, or j. However, such apparent simplifications can perversely make a script more complicated.
In later Pahlavi papyriup to half of the remaining graphic distinctions of these twelve letters were lost, and the script could no longer be read as a sequence of letters at all, but instead each word had to be learned as a whole—that is, they had become logograms as in Egyptian Demotic.
Circles containing the GreekCyrillic and Latin alphabets, which share many of the same lettersalthough they have different pronunciations The largest segmental script is probably an abugida, Devanagari.
The Hindi alphabet must represent both Sanskrit and modern vocabulary, and so has been expanded to 58 with the khutma letters letters with a dot added to represent sounds from Persian and English. Thai has a total of 59 symbols, consisting of 44 consonants, 13 vowels and 2 syllabics, not including 4 diacritics for tone marks and one for vowel length.
The largest known abjad is Sindhiwith 51 letters.Chinese writing, basically logographic writing system, one of the world’s great writing systems.
Like Semitic writing in the West, Chinese script was fundamental to the writing systems in the East. Until relatively recently, Chinese writing was more widely in use than alphabetic writing systems.
once invented by someone somewhere –better,ideograms – cf.
modern ideograms: $, &, £, ® • what happened to ideographic writing? The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing • Chinese writing is based on ideograms – hard to learn at first, so it takes Chinese The Alphabet and Spelling • but Chinese.
The chinese alphabet finally revealed About Chinese characters.
All 26 letters of the alphabet. In the chinese alphabet, small letters are written like capital letters, and vice versa. A. Symbols were selected based on their visual similarity to corresponding English alphabet letters. Only real Chinese characters are used. Only characters that are positive or neutral in meaning are included.
In the chinese alphabet, small letters are written like capital letters, and vice versa. The Chinese Alphabet. The Chinese writing system does not have an alphabet, which is a set of characters that represent units of sound or phonemes). Instead, the Chinese writing system is made up of an unlimited set of characters or logographs that represent a unit of meaning or morpheme (i.e., a word).