Water resources of kazakhstan

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Water resources of kazakhstan

Freshwater accounts for only 2. The remaining unfrozen freshwater is mainly found as groundwaterwith only a small fraction present above ground or in the air.

Depending on the local conditions, precipitation may feed rivers and lakes, replenish groundwateror return to the air by evaporation. But many are shrinking as a result of climate change. The largest river basins include the Amazon and Congo Zaire basins.

River flows can vary greatly from one season to the next and from one climatic region to another.

Introduction: pressures on water resources

Because lakes store large amounts of water, they can reduce seasonal differences in how much water flows in rivers and streams. Many of them have been destroyed, but the remaining wetlands can still play an important role in preventing floods and promoting river flows. Generally of high quality, groundwater is being withdrawn mostly to supply drinking water and support farming in dry climates.

The resource is considered renewable as long as groundwater is not withdrawn faster than nature can replenish it, but in many dry regions the groundwater does not renew itself or only very slowly.

Few countries measure the quality of groundwater or the rate at which it is being exploited. This makes it difficult to manage.The State manages water resources in Kazakhstan, an authorized state body the Water Resources Committee, manages water use and conservation, local representatives and executive bodies (maslikhats, akims or oblasts, cities, districts, auls/villages), and other state bodies, manage aspects of water use within their competencies.

Reconciling different uses of water - work on the nexus in transboundary basins.

Water resources of kazakhstan

Population growth, economic development, increased energy and food needs all exert increasing pressures on natural resources. Publications. AQUASTAT is FAO's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division.

It is the most quoted source on global water statistics.

About UNECE

Around the world, human activity and natural forces are reducing available water resources. Although public awareness of the need to better manage and protect water has grown over the last decade, economic criteria and political considerations still tend to drive water policy at all levels.

Aktau overview. Aktau (also spelled Aqtau) is the capital city of Mangystau torosgazete.com is situated in southwestern Kazakhstan, to the east of Caspian sea. Aktau presents a . Goal Life Below Water. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind.

Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan