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German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green. The logistics of the mass murder turned the country into what Michael Berenbaum called "a genocidal state". Bureaucrats identified who was a Jew, confiscated property, and scheduled trains that deported Jews.
Companies fired Jews and later employed them as slave labour.
Universities dismissed Jewish faculty and students. German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; other companies built the crematoria. The killings were systematically conducted in virtually all areas of occupied Europe —more than 20 occupied countries.
Hundreds of thousands more died in the rest of Europe. They included the head of the German Red Cross, tenured professors, clinic directors, and biomedical researchers.
Some dealt with sterilization of men and women, the treatment of war wounds, ways to counteract chemical weapons, research into new vaccines and drugs, and the survival of harsh conditions. History of the Jews in GermanyChristianity and antisemitismMartin Luther and antisemitismReligious antisemitismand Racial antisemitism Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, Jews were subjected to antisemitism based on Christian theology, which blamed them for killing Jesus.
Even after the ReformationCatholicism and Lutheranism continued to persecute Jews, accusing them of blood libels and subjecting them to pogroms and expulsions. The movement embraced a pseudo-scientific racism that viewed Jews as a race whose members were locked in mortal combat with the Aryan race for world domination.
This did not mean that antisemitism had disappeared; instead it was incorporated into the platforms of several mainstream political parties.
Many Germans did not accept that their country had been defeated, which gave birth to the stab-in-the-back myth. Inflaming the anti-Jewish sentiment was the apparent over-representation of Jews in the leadership of communist revolutionary governments in Europe, such as Ernst Tollerhead of a short-lived revolutionary government in Bavaria.
This perception contributed to the canard of Jewish Bolshevism. Open about his hatred of Jews, he subscribed to the common antisemitic stereotypes.
Where and How Did Jews Hide During the Holocaust? Lisa's Nussbaums' Story Born to a Jewish family in Raczki, Poland in her mother was killed in the massacre. After the war, Lisa joined the anti Nazi Resistance. Common Hiding Places the sewer Jewish people hid during the Holocaust to avoid concentration camps. In these. The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between and Holocaust remembrance The Odessa massacre: Remembering the 'Holocaust by bullets' German and Romanian officials have attended a memorial service for the 30, people, mostly Ukrainian Jews.
He viewed Marxism as a Jewish doctrine, said he was fighting against " Jewish Marxism ", and believed that Jews had created communism as part of a conspiracy to destroy Germany.
Enemies were divided into three groups: The latter two groups were to be sent to concentration camps for "re-education", with the aim of eventual absorption into the Volksgemeinschaft.
Jews were not allowed to own farms. Works by Jewish composers,  authors, and artists were excluded from publications, performances, and exhibitions. Fellow citizen, that is your money too. The courts reached a decision in 64, of those cases; 56, were in favor of sterilization.The Rumbula massacre is a collective term for incidents on November 30 and December 8, in which about 25, Jews were killed in or on the way to Rumbula forest near Riga, Latvia, during the Holocaust.
Except for the Babi Yar massacre in Ukraine, this was the biggest two-day Holocaust atrocity until the operation of the death torosgazete.comrators: Friedrich Jeckeln, Rudolf Lange, Eduard Strauch, and others.
Holocaust remembrance The Odessa massacre: Remembering the 'Holocaust by bullets' German and Romanian officials have attended a memorial service for the 30, people, mostly Ukrainian Jews. To fill up the quota the Germans seized 73 Jews, ranging in age from 14 to 75 years old, making this what would be the largest single massacre of Jews in Italy during the war.
Finding that the quota was still short, the Nazis seized 50 regular prisoners from Rome’s jails. But ”different” people such as Jews, gypsies, and criminals were caught and placed in concentration camps – all in the name of the Nazis’ racial and regimentation ideology.
It was the Reichstag Fire Decree of 28 February that provided the Nazis with the authority to detain people in ‘protective custody’ (Schutzhaft). Historians estimate approximately 11 million people were killed during the Holocaust.
Of those, 6 million were Jews and 5 million were non-Jews from various categories the Nazis also persecuted, including Gypsies, homosexuals, Catholic priests, people with mental or physical disabilities, communists, trade unionists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, anarchists, . During the Holocaust, mobile killing squads known as Einsatzgruppen (made up of groups of German soldiers and local collaborators) killed over one million people following the invasion of the Soviet Union.