The life and reign of king richard the lionheart

Reigned as King of England: He had three brothers - Henry the Young King —Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany — and John — And three sisters Matilda, Duchess of Saxony —Leonora of England — and Joan Plantagenet — Richard was invested with the duchy of Aquitaine Richard was invested with the duchy of Poitiers Richard took mighty fortress town of Taillebourg in just two weeks due to his skills in siege warfare Richard argued with his brothers and joined his father King Henry II to subdue Henry the Young King, Geoffrey and the barons June:

The life and reign of king richard the lionheart

He possessed considerable political and military ability. However, like his brothers, he fought with his family, joining them in the great rebellion against their father in In his brother Henry died, leaving Richard heir to the throne.

Henry II wanted to give Aquitaine to his youngest son, John. Richard refused and, injoined forces with Philip II of France against his father, hounding him to a premature death in July As king, Richard's chief ambition was to join the Third Crusade, prompted by Saladin's capture of Jerusalem in To finance this, he sold sheriffdoms and other offices and in he departed for the Holy Land.

In May, he reached Cyprus where he married Berengaria, daughter of the king of Navarre. Richard arrived in the Holy Land in June and Acre fell the following month.

In September, his victory at Arsuf gave the crusaders possession of Joppa. Although he came close, Jerusalem, the crusade's main objective, eluded him. Moreover, fierce quarrels among the French, German and English contingents provided further troubles.

After a year's stalemate, Richard made a truce with Saladin and started his journey home. Bad weather drove him ashore near Venice and he was imprisoned by Duke Leopold of Austria before being handed over to the German emperor Henry VI, who ransomed him for the huge sum ofmarks.

The raising of the ransom was a remarkable achievement. In FebruaryRichard was released. He returned at once to England and was crowned for a second time, fearing that the ransom payment had compromised his independence.

Yet a month later he went to Normandy, never to return.

The life and reign of king richard the lionheart

His last five years were spent in intermittent warfare against Philip II. He was succeeded by his younger brother John, who had spent the years of Richard's absence scheming against him.Sep 05,  · To mark the anniversary of King Richard's attack on Nottingham Castle, Nottingham's "Robin Hood Country" guide takes a closer look at the background to .

Richard the Lionheart and the Knights Templar Summary.


This account of King Richard the Lionheart’s experiences with the Knights Templar during the Crusades was based on a journal attributed to Geoffrey de Vinsauf, who accompanied King Richard on his expedition. Richard the Lionheart was the third son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and although his eldest brother died young, the next in line, Henry, was named, Richard grew up with little realistic expectations of achieving the English throne.

These years were largely those of the Omayyad Amirs and Caliphs, who may be said to have presided over the Golden Age of Islâmic Spain.

Richard I of England - New World Encyclopedia

The suprisingly rapid decline of the Omayyads in the 11th century quickly led to complete political fragmentation and to grave vulnerability to the rising Christian Kingdoms. There have been 66 monarchs of England and Britain spread over a period of years.

King of Wessex, son of Egbert and father of Alfred the Great. In Aethelwulf defeated a Danish army at the battle of Oakley while his eldest son Althelstan fought and beat the Danes at sea off the coast of Kent. Short Biography profile and facts about the life of King Richard the Lionheart of England The following biography information provides basic facts and information about the life of King Richard the Lionheart - King Richard I of England.

The Periphery of Francia: Spain, Britain, Eastern Europe, & Scandinavia