After the development of ether, physicians began advocating the use of anesthetics to relieve the pain of death. InSamuel Williams first proposed using anesthetics and morphine to intentionally end a patient's life.
Print this page What is Euthanasia? Euthanasia is the termination of a very sick person's life in order to relieve them of their suffering. A person who undergoes euthanasia usually has an incurable condition. But there are other instances where some people want their life to be ended.
In many cases, it is carried out at the person's request but there are times when they may be too ill and the decision is made by relatives, medics or, in some instances, the courts. The term is derived from the Greek word euthanatos which means easy death. Euthanasia is against the law in the UK where it is illegal to help anyone kill themselves.
Voluntary euthanasia or assisted suicide can lead to imprisonment of up to 14 years. The issue has been at the centre of very heated debates for many years and is surrounded by religious, ethical and practical considerations.
The ethics of euthanasia Euthanasia raises a number of agonising moral dilemmas: At the heart of these arguments are the different ideas that people have about the meaning and value of human existence.
Should human beings have the right to decide on issues of life and death? There are also a number of arguments based on practical issues. Some people think that euthanasia shouldn't be allowed, even if it was morally right, because it could be abused and used as a cover for murder.
Killing or letting die Euthanasia can be carried out either by taking actionsincluding giving a lethal injection, or by not doing what is necessary to keep a person alive such as failing to keep their feeding tube going.
Euthanasia and pain relief It's not euthanasia to give a drug in order to reduce pain, even though the drug causes the patient to die sooner. This is because the doctor's intention was to relieve the pain, not to kill the patient. This argument is sometimes known as the Doctrine of Double Effect.
Mercy killing Very often people call euthanasia 'mercy killing', perhaps thinking of it for someone who is terminally ill and suffering prolonged, unbearable pain. Why people want euthanasia Most people think unbearable pain is the main reason people seek euthanasia, but some surveys in the USA and the Netherlands showed that less than a third of requests for euthanasia were because of severe pain.
Terminally ill people can have their quality of life severely damaged by physical conditions such as incontinence, nausea and vomiting, breathlessness, paralysis and difficulty in swallowing. Psychological factors that cause people to think of euthanasia include depression, fearing loss of control or dignity, feeling a burden, or dislike of being dependent.The current "debate" on the legitimacy of euthanasia is a good indicator of the overall moral state of Canadian society.
This debate also illustrates how secularized some Christians have become, blindly adopting anti-Biblical concepts such as the "quality of life" or even the "right to die.".
Euthanasia is the deliberate advancement of a person's death for the benefit of that person. In most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person asks to die, but there are cases where a person can't make such a request.
Unbearable suffering and requests for euthanasia prospectively studied in end-of-life cancer patients in primary care In this study the presence and nature of unbearable suffering and its relationship to requests for euthanasia was investigated.
percentage of total of ungranted requests), death of the patient before finalization of. Abstract. By extending its euthanasia law to minors in , Belgium has fuelled the international debate on this issue. In fact, Medicine does not always have something to . Patient requests for euthanasia and assisted suicide in terminal illness: the role of the psychiatrist.
The focus of the writing and discussion regarding the request to die has been on a patient's capacity.
There has not been an adequate focus on the possible meanings contained within the request to die. A patient's request to die is a. This issues paper explores voluntary euthanasia. It is not intended to be exhaustive, however it aims to add to considerations of this very complex and sensitive topic through analysis of the domestic regulatory environment relating to both passive and active forms of voluntary euthanasia, and of relevant international laws by way of comparison with domestic regulation.