Military families and child welfare

It provides a look at the strengths and weaknesses of SACWIS as well as some of the cross-system data sharing issues that states must deal with. Some weaknesses include the inconsistency with which SACWIS systems are used across states and between different jurisdictions within the state. Front-line workers do not always get this information in a timely or efficient manner to assist the with making the most informed decisions for children and families. All States and the District of Columbia collect data on their child welfare cases and activities for entry into a statewide automated system that provides reports for a variety of uses.

Military families and child welfare

Military life can be a source of psychological stress for children. Multiple deployments, frequent moves and having a parent injured or die is a reality for many children in military families. Outpatient mental health visits provided to children of active duty parents doubled from one million to two million between and The research is mixed: Wives of deployed personnel experience more stress, a factor known to increase risk for medical complications of pregnancy.

Children whose at-home parents or caregivers had better self-reported mental health were better able to cope with the deployment experience during and after the deployment.

Caregivers with poorer mental health reported more child-related difficulties during deployment. One of the strongest predictors of a child functioning during a war deployment was parental stress.

Both departures to, and returns from, combat deployment cause stress in families that can lead to increased rates of child maltreatment. Prior to Octobermaltreatment rates were slightly higher among non-military families than among military families. Rates of maltreatment in military families far outpaced the rates among non-military families after the U.

Army personnel with substantiated reports of child maltreatment physical, emotional or sexual abuserates of maltreatment are greater when the soldiers are on combat-related deployments. In fact, the rate of child maltreatment in families of enlisted Army soldiers was 42 percent higher during combat deployment than during non-deployment.

The stress on family interaction is exacerbated by pervasive rates of trauma and other mental health conditions among military personnel.

Most prevalent were PTSD, depression and substance use disorder. The findings of this research suggest effects on both parenting and child and parent behaviors. Parent-related behaviors included depression, impatience, liberal or lax disciplinary practices, and less engagement.

Problems with parent-child relationships posed significant challenges. These studies have not included military families and the added dimension of combat-related TBI. Research shows that living on base is linked to reduced difficulties both during and after deployment. Seventeen percent reported no support.

Many children report that through family support services they had friends to talk to, and children who felt supported showed increased resiliency.

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A report by American Psychological Association APA estimated that approximately 40 percent of active duty licensed clinical psychologists positions are vacant. There is also a shortage of other specialties including social work and psychiatry.

The number of active duty mental health professionals dropped 20 percent in the Air Force from to ; a drop of 15 percent in the Navy for the years to ; and the Army saw an eight percent decline from to There is currently no data related to the attrition rate of community mental health providers who work with military populations.

A range of administrative hurdles further intensifies the gap in mental health services. There is currently no consistent, system-wide policy on whether the reserve component personnel and their families can receive services on active-duty installations. Some installations will provide services to all service members and their families; however, some offer services to only active duty members.

Following active duty, reservists coverage drops to 28 percent and 38 percent for their families respectively. Forty-one percent of service-members and 31 percent of their family members cite easier access to providers via their civilian health coverage as the main reason why they chose to drop TRICARE coverage.

However, some areas remain in need of consideration and action. However, children do not always experience PTSD as a result of a parental deployment. Other evidence-based methods including Parent-Child Interactive Therapy and Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy should be integrated for use with children of military families who experience trauma, distress, or other psychosocial symptoms; 72 expand programs at DOD schools, and community-based schools.

Train key personnel such as teachers, nurses, school social workers, administrators and other school personnel to be aware of and identify children of military personnel who at risk of, or having, difficulties. Non-profit organizations such as the Military Child Education Coalition and the Military Child Coalition have developed such initiatives.

Implementing these programs formally and more broadly would enable school personnel to identify children having difficulties and thus serve as a powerful first-line of prevention and early detection; enhance research opportunities that focus on implementation of evidence-based and empirically-supported practice, specifically for children and youth including their families in the military.

Research suggests that the challenges of implementation of evidence- based practices serve as a barrier to uptake of these practices in community-based settings; 73 and develop specific effective and targeted intervention strategies for sub-groups of military families, paying attention to the developmental span, reserve component status and diverse ethnic and cultural groups.

Interventions tailored to the unique needs of certain populations enhance the likelihood that these practices will be adopted and supported. The military has seen increasing rates of attrition on mental health providers. Currently, data measuring burn-out of community mental health providers who work with the military population does not exist.

However, published data indicate that participation in alternative medicine self-care training results in sustained behavioral changes and improved psychological outcomes among healthcare workers; 75 provide training to the range of non-clinical personnel who currently work with children, youth and their families in the military; develop and provide funding for support programs for parents and youth designed to ensure they know what to expect as a result of deployment and deployment-related stress, that connects them with their peers, and, that helps parents identify the signs of deployment-related stress and link their children to necessary services and supports.

Intentional intervention strategies designed to foster resilience in children and youth can mitigate the negative outcomes that might result from deployment. Profile of the Military Community, from militaryonesource.The U.S.

Army recognizes and appreciates the commitment, contributions and sacrifices of Army Families. REPRESENTING MILITARY FAMILIES IN CHILD WELFARE CASES Annick Lenoir-Peek, Assistant Appellate Defender, N.C. Office of Parent Representation Kathy Robertson, LSCW, Family Advocacy Program Manager, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family .

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torosgazete.com provides support and guidance to active-duty and retired military members and to military families. Child & Youth Services Army Families often include Army kids. U.S.

Military families and child welfare

Army MWR helps you stay mission ready with resources you need to support them. The data, which has not been released publicly and was obtained by the Washington Post, contrasts with a years-long decline in child abuse and neglect among civilian families nationwide. Preventing Child Maltreatment and Promoting Well-Being: Military Families What’s Happening.

Military families live in almost every community. Some parents in the military are on active duty and wear a. uniform every day. Others may be in the National Guard • Help military parents and the other caregivers in their family understand.

Working With Military Families - Child Welfare Information Gateway