John Kotter's guiding principles for leading change The 8 steps of John Kotter's change model John Kotter's highly regarded books 'Leading Change' and the follow-up 'The Heart Of Change' describe a popular and helpful model for understanding and managing change. Each stage acknowledges a key principle identified by Kotter relating to people's response and approach to change, and in which people see, feel and then change.
Leadership Theories Behavioral Theory This theory focuses especially on what highly effective leaders do.
This theory is often preferred by educators because behaviors can rather easily be seen and duplicated. The major criticisms are that it doesn't help leaders know when to use certain behaviors and to share their motives for using those behaviors.
And how, you may ask, is this different from situational theory? Functional Theory This theory focuses especially on the behaviors needed to help a group to improve its effectiveness and achieve its goals.
The theory identifies the specific functions needed by leadership for addressing certain situations. Functional Theory Great Man Theory This theory focuses on the traits and actions of those who are considered to be great leaders, as if they were born with those traits of leadership -- that leadership is a trait of those people, more than any skills that they had learned.
Great Man Theory of Leadership Path-Goal Theory This theory is about how leaders motivate followers to accomplish identified objectives. It postulates that effective leaders have the ability to improve the motivation of followers by clarifying the paths and removing obstacles to high performance and desired objectives.
The underlying beliefs of path-goal theory grounded in expectancy theory are that people will be more focused and motivated if they believe they are capable of high performance, believe their effort will result in desired outcomes, and believe their work is worthwhile.
It suggests that leaders must place the needs of followers, customers, and the community ahead of their own interests in order to be effective. The idea of servant leadership has a significant amount of popularity within leadership circles — but it is difficult to describe it as a theory inasmuch as a set of beliefs and values that leaders are encouraged to embrace.
The assessment of these factors determines if a leader should use a more directive or supportive style. Skills theory by no means disavows the connection between inherited traits and the capacity to be an effective leader — it simply argues that learned skills, a developed style, and acquired knowledge, are the real keys to leadership performance.
It is of course the belief that skills theory is true that warrants all the effort and resources devoted to leadership training and development.
That is, that certain inherited qualities, such as personality and cognitive ability, are what underlie effective leadership. There have been hundreds of studies to determine the most important leadership traits, and while there is always going to be some disagreement, intelligence, sociability, and drive aka determination are consistently cited as key qualities.
This theory is often likened to the concept and practice of management and continues to be an extremely common component of many leadership models and organizational structures. It is often likened to the theory of charismatic leadership that espouses that leaders with certain qualities, such as confidence, extroversion, and clearly stated values, are best able to motivate followers.
The key in transformational leadership is for the leader to be attentive to the needs and motives of followers in an attempt to help them reach their maximum potential. In addition, transformational leadership typically describes how leaders can initiate, develop, and implement important changes in an organization.
This theory is often discussed in contrast with transactional leadership. What are the Differences that Make a Difference? However, some of the following models have also been mentioned as theories or styles.Brent Gleeson is a highly sought-after keynote speaker and business consultant, a serial entrepreneur and a decorated Navy SEAL combat veteran.
He has degrees in finance and economics from Southern Methodist University, studied English and history at Oxford University in England, and has a graduate business degree from the University of San Diego. Fred Kofman. Fred Kofman is a leadership development advisor at Google. Since , Fred has designed and facilitated programs on leadership, personal mastery, team learning, organizational effectiveness, and coaching for thousands of executives and consultants worldwide.
Nov 16, · Find new ideas and classic advice for global leaders from the world's best business and management experts. MAKING STRATEGY WORK Leading Effective Execution and Change Lawrence G.
John Kotter, in his book Leading Change, cites globalization as a major force in driving change (Kotter, , p. 10). Kotter takes the traditional differentiation of management versus leadership.
Kotter has carefully chosen his title as Leading Change rather than managing change to provide a statement that leadership rather than management 4/5.
Perpetual change. Daryl Conner suggests that as we now live in an era of perpetual change and disturbance, we need to expect more change: "we need to stop assuming we are one project away from things settling down.".