The six postseason participants from each conference are seeded as follows:
In order to be effective on different fibers, these dyes are composed of several different dyes, and How to tie die are less effective, and more likely to bleed and fade, than pure dyes designed for specific fibers.
This is the basis for the famous 'pink socks' phenomenon that occurs when fabrics dyed with mixed dyes are washed with other garments.
There are four things you will absolutely need in order to do a tie-dye project: the item to dye, the dye, the ties, and a receptacle for the dye. Carefully read the package your dye came in to see if you will need any other supplies. Jul 09, · Tie-dye is an excellent way to fill a lazy afternoon, culminating with a "wow" moment when the tied shirt is unfurled. "It's virtually impossible to tie-dye incorrectly," says textile artist Shabd Simon-Alexander, author of Tie-Dye: Dye It, Wear It, Share It, "and with single-color designs, it's easy to keep things tidy." Below you'll find tying ideas for Author: Amanda Kingloff. step 1: fold and tie your garment. Ideally, first pre-wash garments in HOT water and Synthrapol or Prof. Textile Detergent to remove any oils, dirt or anything else that might resist the dye. Fold and/or tie the fabric into the desired patterns. For more defined patterns wet the shirt and squeeze or spin out excess water before folding.
Most tie-dyes are now dyed with Procion MX fiber reactive dyesa class of dyes effective on cellulose fibers such as cotton, hemp, rayon, and linen. This class of dyes reacts with fibers at alkaline high pHforming a wash-fast, permanent bond.
Soda ash sodium carbonate is the most common agent used to raise the pH and initiate the reaction, and is either added How to tie die to the dye, or in a solution of water in which garments are soaked before dyeing. Procion dyes are relatively safe and simple to use,  and are the same dyes used commercially to color cellulosic fabrics.
Protein-based fibers such as silk, wool, and feathers, as well as the synthetic polyamide fiber, nyloncan be dyed with acid dyes.
As may be expected from the name, acid dyes are effective at acidic low pHwhere they form ionic bonds with the fiber. Acid dyes are also relatively safe some are used as food dyes and simple to use. Vat dyes are insoluble in water in their unreduced form, and the vat dye must be chemically reduced before they can be used to color fabric.
This is accomplished by heating the dye in a strongly basic solution of sodium hydroxide lye or sodium carbonate caustic potash containing a reducing agent such as sodium hydrosulfite or thiourea dioxide. The fabric is immersed in the dye bath, and after removal the vat dye oxidizes to its insoluble form, binding with high wash-fastness to the fiber.
However, vat dyes, and especially indigo, must be treated after dyeing by 'soaping' to prevent the dye from rubbing crocking off. The extra complexity and safety issues particularly when using strong bases such as lye restrict use of vat dyes in tie-dye to experts.
Discharge agents are used to bleach color from the previously-dyed fabrics, and can be used as a reverse tie-dye, where application of the agent results in loss of color rather than its application. Household bleach sodium hypochlorite can be used to discharge fiber reactive dyes on bleach-resistant fibers such as cotton or hemp but not on wool or silkthough the results are variable, as some fiber reactive dyes are more resistant to bleach than others.
It is important to bleach as long as required to obtain the desired shade which will be lighter than observed on wet, unwashed fabricand to neutralize the bleach with agents such as sodium bisulfiteto prevent damage to the fibers. Thiourea dioxide is another commonly used discharge agent that can be used on cotton, wool, or silk.
A thiourea dioxide discharge bath is made with hot water made mildly basic with sodium carbonate. The results of thiourea dioxide discharge differ significantly from bleach discharge due to the nature of the reaction. Since thiourea dioxide only bleaches in the absence of oxygen, and the fabric to be bleached retains oxygen, a fractal pattern of bleaching will be observed.
This is in distinct contrast with household bleach discharge, where the bleaching agent penetrates fabric easily particularly in bleach formulations containing detergent. For example, pleating fabric multiple times and clamping on a resist will yield a clear design after outlining the resist with household bleach, but discharge with reducing agents will only partially penetrate the resisted area.
In general, discharge techniques, particularly using household bleach, are a readily accessible way to tie-dye without use of often messy and relatively expensive dyes. It is particularly easy to put design on cloth using stencils and sprayed-on solutions of household bleach, but the intricate and unintended results of discharge using reducing agents often surpasses the results of oxidizing discharge techniques.
Designs and patterns[ edit ] Tie-dye can be used to create a wide variety of designs on fabric, from standard patterns such as the spiral, peace sign, diamond, and the marble effect to beautiful works of art.
If a modern kit is used, then it is easier to accomplish a spiral or circle. Earliest examples[ edit ] The earliest surviving examples of pre-Columbian tie-dye in Peru date from to AD. Their designs include small circles and lines, with bright colors including red, yellow, blue, and green.
It has been practiced there since the 8th century. Shibori includes a number of labor-intensive resist techniques which include stitching elaborate patterns and tightly gathering the stitching before dyeing, forming intricate designs for kimonos. Another shibori method is to wrap the fabric around a core of rope, wood or other material, and bind it tightly with string or thread.
The areas of the fabric that are against the core or under the binding would remain undyed. In the book "Orphans of the Pacific", about Philippines, it was noted: Ikat is a method of tie-dyeing the warp or weft before the cloth is woven.
Mudmee tie-dye originates in Thailand and neighboring part of Laos. It uses different shapes and colors from other types of tie-dye, and the colors are, in general, more subdued. Another difference is that the base color is black.
Africa[ edit ] A jau woman from the dyers' caste prepares a cotton band for tie-dye colouring, SanghaMali Tie-dye techniques have also been used for centuries[ citation needed ] in the Hausa region of West Africawith renowned indigo dye pits located in and around KanoNigeria.In-laws.
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Including hot foil stamps, dies, stencils, cardstock, patterned paper, collections and . August (This is a talk I gave at the last Y Combinator dinner of the summer. Usually we don't have a speaker at the last dinner; it's more of a party. Scaphism: death by honey and milk that doesn’t sound too bad does it?
Well it was actually % hideous, you’re basically eaten from the inside out Welcome to part two of the most brutal execution methods known to man.
I hadn’t even heard of this method until today and it is not only. If you are like me and not using a pre-packaged kit, you will need the following; Procion dye, rubber bands, rubber gloves, squeeze bottles for the dye, urea and soda ash, large ziplock bags, a tub for soaking the shirts, and a wooden dowel or something similar for creating the twist in the shirt.
The Noose in General. WARNING!! The noose is not a knot to play hangman with. Too many accidents already killed children who thought they could release it in time.