It seemed to the new tsar, Alexander II reigned —81that the dangers to public order of… Life The future Tsar Alexander II was the eldest son of the grand duke Nikolay Pavlovich who, inbecame the emperor Nicholas I and his wife, Alexandra Fyodorovna who, before her marriage to the Grand Duke and baptism into the Orthodox Churchhad been the princess Charlotte of Prussia.
In Russia was a backward state, other countries in Europe had undergone the industrial revolution but Russia was still an agricultural country with a large lower class of serfs. Alexander II made the decision to emancipate the serfs in mainly due to a fear of revolt but also as a cause of liberal pressure and in the interest of economic growth.
Throughout this decision and decisions to make other reforms different political groups opposed Alexander II. In the first instance from left wing revolutionary groups who were against the autocratic state and desired a democratic state.
The different revolutionary groups used different methods of proposing their beliefs, some used violence. Alexander II was in some ways successful when overcoming opposition to this group as his appointment of Shuvalov saw that revolutionaries were tried in military courts.
However a revolutionary group eventually assassinated Alexander inmaking his attempts to overcome opposition unsuccessful. They wanted a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy.
Alexander II created opposition to his regime from this group when he introduced counter reforms, turning liberals to revolutionary ideas and methods. Alexander II was mostly unsuccessful when aiming to overcome opposition to his regime.
One of the first examples of this was when he made reforms concerning the university statute ofwhich encouraged revolutionary activity. The universities were now allowed to self-rule, which meant more modern subjects, which encouraged liberal ideas.
The growth of students led to an increase of educated people who were critics of the Tsarist regime, this was the opposite of what Alexander II had wanted to achieve when he made university more accessible and relaxed censorship.
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Between the years to Alexander II made a substantial amount of liberal reforms, which led revolutionaries and liberals alike to believe that Russia was beginning to improve. From to Russia entered into a repressive stage and Alexander II introduced many counter reforms this involved the appointment of Count Dmitri Tolstoy in as the minister of education.
Tolstoy blamed the university system for the spread of revolutionary activity. To combat this he replaced subjects, which encouraged independent thought with traditional subjects such as Latin, Greek and Church history.
He also made it increasingly difficult for poorer students to reach university. This however proved to be counter productive as students began to move to Switzerland to pursue their studies, where they could freely listen to critics of the Tsarist regime, therefore encouraging the growth of revolutionary activity.
Count Peter Shuvalov was also appointed in as head of the third section. Repressive methods were introduced to keep order this included the use of military courts to try cases of political violence. Shuvalov also tightened censorship as it had been before the reforms. The repressive methods that were introduced were a contributing factor to the significant amount of liberals who were turned to revolutionary ideas.
They had believed Alexander II would make further reforms however they had lost trust and revolutionary activity increased between and On the contrary some people believe Alexander II was successful in overcoming opposition to his regime.
Another way Alexander II appeared successful in overcoming opposition to his regime was the joint effort of Tolstoy and Shuvalov. The restrictions Tolstoy placed on universities in Russia stopped the spread of revolutionary ideas within Russia to an extent.
The new university system disenabled students to study subjects that may encourage opposition to the Tsarist regime. Shuvalov cracked down on the young revolutionaries and between there were two major trials of populists with young revolutionaries put on trial. Despite the success Alexander II experienced through the trial of revolutionaries and also the emancipation of the Serfs he was unsuccessful in overcoming the opposition to his regime.
This was mainly due to the counter reforms he made after his original reforms which caused a growth in the opposition and led people to believe that the sovereign had betrayed them. The control over censorship and universities led to an increase in radical ideas, which were sourced from alternatives countries.
In conclusion I believe Alexander II was unsuccessful in overcoming opposition to his regime.Home > A Level and IB > History > To what extent were Alexander II's reforms successful?
To what extent were Alexander II's reforms successful? / 5. Hide Show resource Many of the reforms weakened his regime it allowed the people of Russia to gain independence in the way they acted and thought which would challenge his authority as they.
Modern Historians - The Panhellenic Crusade of Alexander the Great - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
The Panhellenic Crusade of Alexander the Great according to Modern historians.
and spoke at length of the necessity of union for the sake of succesful prosecution of his Pan-Hellenic ambitions in 5/5(1). How Succesful Was Alexander Ii In Overcoming Opposition To The Regime.
How successfully did the Tsarist regime deal with the difficulties of ruling Russia between and ? Ruling Russia between and was very difficult: the government was not democratic, peasants and workers were extremely angry because of the living conditions in the countryside and the cities, and political.
May 08, · Best Answer: Alexander II implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom, as well as changes in national, military and municipal organization. He also rethought foreign policy: Russia now refrained from overseas expansion and concentrated on strengthening its borders.
In , he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United torosgazete.com: Resolved. Judging by the fact that Alexander was assassinated in by People’s Will, one would assume that he failed – completely- to overcome opposition to his regime, however he ruled for over 25 years and managed to keep his opposition under control during that time using several different methods and measures which will be discussed in this essay.
How Successful Was the Regime in Overcoming the Opposition to the Regime How successful was the regime in overcoming the opposition to the regime? Opposition was slowly growing within the Tsars Empire and Alexander II felt threatened and .