Identifying Special Education Students by their Cultural Qualities Lynne Anderson National University Abstract Students identified for special education programs, either for the gifted or for students in need of more intensive instruction, are often identified solely by their qualifying label or diagnosis in close to all circumstances - Emphasizing Cultural Attributes:
The aim of this paper is to focus on masculinity and femininity as one of culture dimensions which applies in an organisation. Masculine cultures are described as being dominated by power relationships and often are results-oriented while feminine cultures are more connected with interpersonal relationships and process-oriented.
One of the key aspects is to identify that masculinity and femininity is not mainly about the difference in biological types but also to be viewed as the characteristics that are determined socially and therefore has the concept that can be applied as culture.
Another key aspect is to combine both masculinity and femininity in project management rather than to practise only one approach. Research suggests that the masculinity and femininity has to be combined in terms of crisis management.
Furthermore, construction industry has been described as a masculine industry in which number of woman involved in construction projects is quite limited and therefore femininity approach is rarely practised. A case study in Taiwan construction industry is provided to illustrate the positive impact of merging both cultures.
Introduction Culture has been defined in many ways. Hofstede a cited in Fellows, defines culture as the collective programming of the human mind that distinguishes the members of one human group from those of another. As mentioned by Scott et al. Culture is seen as an independent variable that can be manipulated through management interventions in order to achieve organizational goals Hudelson, In contrast, Scandinavian countries e.
Individualism and collectivism, which describes the relationship between the individual and the collectivity that is reflected in the way people live together; and 4. Masculinity and femininity, i. This essay therefore will focus on gender as one of culture, masculinity and femininity characteristics and its impact in project management, particulary in construction project.
Sex is a biological type. Individuals are born having a male or female sex type. They apply objective and impersonal criteria to decision-making, taking an adversarial stance in evaluating information Magolda, ; Clinchy, ; Belenky et al.
Their reasoning styles detach them from the individuals and situations they seek to understand. As has been suggested, power cultures are likely to be experienced by the vast majority of men and women as being less satisfying than are task or team cultures which place a greater emphasis on expert knowledge than on positional power and allow members more individual autonomy.
Overall, their workplace behaviours can be characterized as highly interpersonal. In summary, masculinity is associated with big power, often forceful, result-oriented, competitive while femininity is related to personal connection, collaborative work, main attention is to the process rather than the result and supportive.
Indeed, most descriptors of male managers portray them as being assertive, self-reliant, competitive, objective, forceful, ambitious, emotionally stable and self-confident Paris et al. Different culture in particular masculinity and femininity resulted in different way to manage a project.
This description on how masculinity and femininity nurture a project is not to compare which one is more suitable or one is better than the other but more to understand each approach has uniqueness and thus has to be combined in practise.
In term of managing crisis in organisation, research has proved that feminine leadership traits would be more conductive.the contemporary widening of scale of cross-cultural interactions owing to the rapid movement of money, people, goods, images, and ideas.
Development is a set of institutions ostensibly aimed at alleviating problems.
Cultural Anthropology Essay Nathanael Fires Dr. Kant-Byers Cultural Anthropology 5/15/15 Essay #2 Cultural anthropologists main job is to study different cultures all over the world and then to compare the similarities and differences to their own culture or other cultures.
Culture propagates through generations, which adopt their old customs and traditions as a part of their culture. The ideals they base their lives on, is a part of their culture.
This essay therefore will focus on gender as one of culture, masculinity and femininity characteristics and its impact in project management, particulary in construction project. Gender Developed as Culture According to Cartwright & Gale (b), the terms “sex” and “gender” are often confusing. Teacher Colleges Emphasizing 'Cultural Competence' the class turns to an essay in the book “City Kids, City Schools. The Nonnegotiable Attributes of Effective Feedback. Each of these attributes includes three to five items that define the attribute in more detail and provide more insight into how the culture works. Once you have your survey results, decide what attributes you want to keep and leverage and develop a strategy to eliminate those that are toxic.
Cultural values are imparted from one generation to another, which is the reason why they continue. Emphasizing Cultural Attributes: Identifying Special Education Students by Their Cultural Qualities Essay.
Emphasizing Cultural Attributes: Identifying Special Education Students by their Cultural Qualities Lynne Anderson National University Abstract Students identified for special education programs, either for the gifted or for students in need of more intensive instruction, are often.
Essay on Emphasizing Cultural Attributes: Identifying Special Education Students by Their Cultural Qualities Emphasizing Cultural Attributes: Identifying Special Education Students by their Cultural Qualities Lynne Anderson National University Abstract Students identified for special education programs, either for the gifted or for students.
Corporate culture is the shared values and meanings that members hold in common and that are practiced by an organization's leaders. Organizational and corporate cultures are formal and informal. They can be studied by observation, by listening and interacting with people in the culture, and by /5(15).