Political and Administrative Reasons: The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with suspicion and develop hatred towards the British power in India. Naturally, this type of reaction is justified as the Indians are the losers and the British gainers.
Causes of the Revolt: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till Under him the Describe immediate causes of the revolt followed an expansionist policy in India.
Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine of Lapse and annexed the Indian states on charges of mis-governance and absence of an heir.
In the course of eight years Dalhousie annexed SataraSambhalpurJhansiNagpurJaipur and Bhagat As part of the Doctrine of Lapse policy, the titles and pensions of some Indian princes were confiscated.
Dalhousie further proposed to abolish the title of the Mughal emperor after the death of Bahadur Shah II.
The economic policy of the British adversely affected every section of the Indian society. The British exploited the economic resources of India to their advantage and drained her wealth by crippling the Indian trade and industry.
Under the British, India turned into a colonial economy to serve the British capitalist interests. Indian resources were unabashedly exported to London to promote British industries. Consequently, the country was reduced to poverty as traditional handicrafts and industries were ruined.
Many people were rendered jobless and there was overcrowding in the agrarian sector. Further the high revenue demand crippled the agrarian sector. Both the peasants and the zamindars were pushed by the British to produce more to appropriate the maximum revenue.
The various revenue settlements were designed to benefit the government and displayed total disregard for the cultivators. In case of failure to pay the stipulated amount the lands of the zamindar were taken away by the government. A large number of zamindars were thus dispossessed of their lands and estates as part of this policy.
These grievances left the Indian people dissatisfied of the British eventually turned out to be bitter enemies of the British.
Social and Religious Causes: The British looked down upon the Indians as inferior race and discriminated with them racially at every step. Indians were not allowed at many places such as railway compartments and public places as parks and hotels as these were specially reserved for the Englishmen.
This racial arrogance of the British hurt the Indian masses most and they began to regard the Englishmen as their worst enemies. The attempt to bring about social reforms in India by the British was not liked by the general public. The social legislations on the evils as sati, infanticide, re-marriage of widows, etc.
The introduction of English education, the propagation of the work of the Christian missionaries and the changing of the Hindu law of property with a view to facilitate the conversion of Hindus to Christianity alarmed many orthodox Indians.
They feared that these practices would upset the social and religious order of the traditional Indian society. Dissatisfaction was widespread among the military rank and file under the British.
There was great inequality in treatment between the Indian and the British counterparts in terms of salary and other benefits. There was also a disparity in numbers between the Indian and European troops as the latter numbered far less than the Indians. The Indian soldiers were considered inferior and were ill-treated by high officers.
The high ranks in the army were exclusively reserved for the Englishmen and the Indians were deliberately excluded from responsible positions.
What hurt the Indian soldiers most was the prohibition to wear caste and religious marks while serving that amounted to interference in their personal affairs by the British. The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge.
In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. This was objectionable to the Hindus and Muslims alike.
This rumour sparked off fire of discontent against the British in the form of the revolt. The first sign of unrest appeared in at Barrack-pore in Bengal. A sepoy, Mangal Pandey on 29th Marchkilled senior officers on parade and started the revolt. Course and Spread of the Revolt: The revolt spread to Berhampur in Bengal.Top 4 Causes of the Revolt of In India.
by the sepoys and the masses to some extent but religious grievances were not the total rallying points of the great revolt. 4. Military and Immediate Causes: Besides the above political and administrative, economic, social and religious grievances, another major cause was the unrest of the. Causes of the War Against the Romans The Jewish Revolt of 66 to 70 AD/CE had its origin in several different troubles identified by Josephus.
At various points in his work he specifically names different events as "the" cause of the war, either as an immediate trigger or as a fundamental motive. The Maccabean Revolt was a Jewish rebellion, lasting from to BC, led by the Maccabees against the Seleucid Empire and the Hellenistic influence on Jewish life.
The term Maccabees as used to describe the Jewish army is taken from the Hebrew word for "hammer". What were the immediate causes of the Revolt of ? Where did the. THE REVOLT OF 1) Describe the immediate cause of the revolt. 2) Explain the political causes of the revolt. 3) Draw out the social causes of the revolt.
4) Extract the religious causes of the revolt. Page 1 of 1 Page 1 of 1. The causes of the Great Revolt were many. They may be classified as political, administrative, economic, social, religious, military and immediate causes. 1. Political Causes: The revolt of is regarded by many as the First War of Indian Independence.
It was after this that the Nationalistic Movement in the country gathered momentum. the revolt of is known as sepoy rebellion as because sepoy (army men's) of british India started this revolt. one of them is mangal panday. this revolt is first revolt for independence.