Altruism in animalsEvolution of moralityand Evolutionary ethics Giving alms to beggar children In the science of ethology the study of animal behaviourand more generally in the study of social evolutionaltruism refers to behaviour by an individual that increases the fitness of another individual while decreasing the fitness of the actor. Two related strands of research on altruism have emerged from traditional evolutionary analyses and from evolutionary game theory a mathematical model and analysis of behavioural strategies. Some of the proposed mechanisms are:
Let me rephrase to make it more general. Answering this question was essentially the goal of this book, so I will point to the section in the book that address key issues. If we all perceive sensory things and emotional things differently; who among us is to be trusted as the arbiter of ethical truth?
Understanding the correct ethical path is relatively easy, simply use the golden rule. The first part of the book is relatively short and provides a proof of this axiom. The section on understanding ethics addresses how an individual or group can derive ethical truths.
There are baseline requirements for understanding ethics.
The section on when things go wrong tries to address two common forms of malice. The section on personal framing addresses how we all see the world through skewed eyes.
With ethical understanding we can hopefully see the world more clearly and help others to do the same. Diving down the rabbit hole addresses your concerns straight on… at least I think so.
The driving analogy for ethics is used to illustrate through analogy the reality of a distribution of knowledge and understanding exists; which is a varied as the number of individuals.
You can train people to get better but they have to care enough about improvement to do so. Some care deeply, others are deeply apathetic. In general the system works but it could always be improved.
People and cultures vary in their development; the rules of the road vary a bit too. Good driving practices are timeless and transcend culture. The discussion on cultural memes provides a window in how leaders can get good people to do bad things.
I compared ethics to love because both exist in the mind, so they are hard to prove. Individuals and cultures acknowledge both love and ethics. Ethics is constant, ethical climates can ebb and flow.
In sexy ethicsI discuss the how many of the seemingly relativistic moral codes as they apply to ethics often have core unchanging ethical principles that they are derived from. I also acknowledge here and in other sections that cultures are typically the arbiters of justice; they define what is right and wrong, and the people implicitly agree by their obedience to the rules.
People make up cultures and both have a tendency to be wrong a good deal of the time; so their is always room for improvement. Again, this is where ethical knowledge and understanding is useful.
So hopefully that addresses the gray… On the God issue, that is partly more complex and partly simple. I highly doubt anyone of faith will read it because to do so would be against the first commandment. The power of the meme of God for self-sensorship truly amazes me.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong. Social and ethical issues in computer science social: issues about computers in society — social, political and legal ethical: making decisions about “what is. Altruism and Group Selection. Ever since Darwin created his theory of evolution in the nineteenth century, and especially since the nineteen sixties, scientists and philosophers of science have been intensely debating whether and how selection occurs at the level of the group. The debates over group selection maintain their vitality for several reasons: because group selection may explain the.
I was raised in the Catholic faith but was liberal enough to question it and my search for knowledge and understanding led me to seek a better understanding of the people and world around me.
By questioning and thinking about God I came to understand the meme. God is a powerful idea, but it is simply that. This book is in part thanks to religion, to an unethical corporate culture, and to the power of an inquisitive mind.
This was the second book I wrote, the first one was on corporate ethics; which has not been published yet. To discuss corporate ethics, I had to first define ethics.
If you are concerned about questioning your faith, if the thought of that creates an inner fear, then I will let you in on a little secret; there is nothing to fear. I have been to that mountain top, there is no boogie man; just your own fear. Let go of the fear and start asking questions… the world will light up.
The simple answer to the God problem as it relates to ethics is two fold. Ethical knowledge has to be innate because otherwise we would lack free will.Aug 22, · I have been lurking on SSC for awhile, and at times I have been inspired to potentially get involved in politics, both from a “rationalist” and effective altruism perspective.
The Fallacies of Egoism and Altruism, and the Fundamental Principle of Morality (after Kant and Nelson) I have not done wrong. The "Negative Confession" or Protestation of Ani, The Egyptian Book of the Dead, The Book of Going Forth by Day, The Complete Papyrus of Ani, Featuring Integrated Text and Full-Color Images, translated by Dr.
Raymond O. Faulkner [, , Chronicle Books, San. The notion of altruism. The concept has a long history in philosophical and ethical thought. The term was originally coined in the 19th century by the founding sociologist and philosopher of science, Auguste Comte, and has become a major topic for psychologists (especially evolutionary psychology researchers), evolutionary biologists, and ethologists.
Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour Altruism and Volunteerism: The perceptions of altruism in four disciplines and their impact on the study of volunteerism DEBBIE HASKI-LEVENTHAL jtsb_ INTRODUCTION One of the important aspects of human altruism is long-term and organized activity for the benefit of others, that is, formal volunteering.
Social and ethical issues in computer science social: issues about computers in society — social, political and legal ethical: making decisions about “what is. Altruism (or Ethical Altruism) is an ethical doctrine that holds that individuals have a moral obligation to help, serve or benefit others, if necessary at the sacrifice of self interest.
More precisely, an action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to .