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Charles Fourierinfluential early French socialist thinker Socialist models and ideas espousing common or public ownership have existed since antiquity. It has been claimed—though controversially—that there were elements of socialist thought in the politics of classical Greek philosophers Plato  and Aristotle.
Christian socialism was one of the founding threads of the UK Labour Party and is said to be a tradition going back years to the uprising of Wat Tyler and John Ball . The OwenitesSaint-Simonians and Fourierists provided a series of coherent analyses and interpretations of society.
They also, especially in the case of the Owenites, overlapped with a number of other working-class movements like the Chartists in the United Kingdom". Leaders in the movement also called for a more equitable distribution of income and better living conditions for the working classes.
The very first trade unions and consumers' cooperative societies also emerged in the hinterland of the Chartist movement as a way of bolstering the fight for these demands. Count Henri de Saint-Simon is regarded as the first individual to coin the term "socialism".
Other early socialist thinkers, such as Thomas Hodgkin and Charles Hall, based their ideas on David Ricardo 's economic theories.
They reasoned that the equilibrium value of commodities approximated prices charged by the producer when those commodities were in elastic supply and that these producer prices corresponded to the embodied labour—the cost of the labour essentially the wages paid that was required to produce the commodities.
The Ricardian socialists viewed profit, interest and rent as deductions from this exchange-value. They advocated reform, with some such as Robert Owen advocating the transformation of society to small communities without private property.
Robert Owen's contribution to modern socialism was his understanding that actions and characteristics of individuals were largely determined by the social environment they were raised in and exposed to. Paris Commune The celebration of the election of the Commune on 28 March —the Paris Commune was a major early implementation of socialist ideas The Paris Commune was a government that briefly ruled Paris from 18 March more formally, from 28 March to 28 May The Commune elections held on 26 March elected a Commune council of 92 members, one member for each 20, residents.
It also reached a consensus on certain policies that tended towards a progressive, secular and highly-democratic social democracy. Because the Commune was only able to meet on fewer than 60 days in all, only a few decrees were actually implemented.
These included the separation of church and state ; the remission of rents owed for the entire period of the siege during which payment had been suspended ; the abolition of night work in the hundreds of Paris bakeries ; the granting of pensions to the unmarried companions and children of National Guards killed on active service; and the free return, by the city pawnshopsof all workmen's tools and household items valued up to 20 francs, pledged during the siege.
The Commune nonetheless recognised the previous owner's right to compensation. The International Workingmen's Association united diverse revolutionary currents including French followers of Proudhon BlanquistsPhiladelphesEnglish trade unionists, socialists and social democrats. The IWA held a preliminary conference in and had its first congress at Geneva in Due to the wide variety of philosophies present in the First International, there was conflict from the start.Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and workers' self-management of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, though social rather than individual ownership is the common element shared by its. Workfront is the enterprise platform for modern work management designed to help creative and technical teams unleash their value by focusing on the right work, doing their best work, and delivering that work faster than ever before.
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